A participating insurance plan is designed to be held long term. Your premiums will be invested in a variety of assets according to our investment strategy, with the cost of policy benefits (such as charges to support guarantees (if applicable)) and expenses deducted as appropriate from premiums or assets. Your policy can share the divisible surplus (if any) from related product groups determined by us. We aim to ensure a fair sharing of profits between policy owners and shareholders, and among different groups of policy owners.
Future investment performance is unpredictable. Through our smoothing process, we aim to deliver more stable dividend and bonus payments, namely annual dividend, terminal dividend, reversionary bonus and terminal bonus, by spreading out the gains and losses over a longer period of time. Stable dividend and bonus payments will ease your financial planning.
We will review and determine the dividend and bonus amounts to be payable to policy owners at least once per year. The actual dividends and bonuses declared may be different from those illustrated in any product information provided (e.g. benefit illustrations). If there are any changes in the actual dividends/bonuses against the illustration or in the projected future dividends/bonuses, such changes will be reflected in the policy anniversary statement.
A committee has been set up to provide independent advice on the determination of the dividend and bonus amounts to the Board of the Company. The committee is comprised of members from different control functions or departments within the organisation both at AIA Group level as well as Hong Kong local level, such as office of the Chief Executive, legal, compliance, finance and risk management. Each member of the committee will exercise due care, diligence and skill in the performance of his or her duties as a member. The committee will utilise the knowledge, experience, and perspectives of each individual member to assist the Board in the discharge of its duty to make independent decision and to manage the risk of conflict of interests, in order to ensure fair treatment between policy owners and shareholders, and among different groups of policy owners. The actual dividends and bonuses, which are recommended by the Appointed Actuary, will be decided upon the deliberation of the committee and finally approved by the Board of Directors of the Company, including one or more Independent Non-Executive Directors, and with written declaration by the Chairman of the Board, an Independent Non-Executive Director and the Appointed Actuary on the management of fair treatment between policy owners and shareholders.
To determine the dividends and bonuses of the policy, we consider both past experiences and the future outlook for all the factors including, but not limited to, the following:
Investment returns: include interest earnings, dividends and any changes in the market value of the product’s backing assets. Depending on the asset allocation adopted for the product, investment returns could be affected by fluctuations in interest income (both interest earnings and the outlook for interest rates) and various market risks, including credit spread and default risk, fluctuations in equity prices, property prices and foreign exchange currency fluctuation of the backing asset against the policy currency.
Claims: include the cost of providing death benefits and other insured benefits under the product(s).
Surrenders: include policy surrenders, partial surrenders and policy lapses; and the corresponding impact on the investments backing the product(s).
Expenses: include both expenses directly related to the policy (e.g. commission, underwriting, issue and premium collection expenses) and indirect expenses allocated to the product group (e.g. general administrative costs).
Some participating products (if applicable) allow the policyholder to leave annual dividends, guaranteed and non-guaranteed cash payments, guaranteed and non-guaranteed incomes, guaranteed and non-guaranteed annuity payments with us, potentially earning interest at a non-guaranteed interest rate. To determine such interest rate, we consider the returns on the pool of assets in which the annual dividends, guaranteed and non-guaranteed cash payments, guaranteed and non-guaranteed incomes, guaranteed and non-guaranteed annuity payments are invested with reference to the past experience and future outlook. This pool of assets is segregated from other investments of the Company and may include bonds and other fixed income instruments.